Raw Materials

1. Mercerized Egyptian cotton (www.filoscozia.it)

A) Cotton: A fiber of vegetal origin which is characterized by its softness and ability to absorb. This fiber, used in the clothing industry since 3000 BC, is applied mainly in the production of athletic socks.

 B) Mercerized Egyptian cotton (www.filoscozia.it): A large fibered thread of superior quality, produced exclusively from binuclear Egyptian cotton. It is carefully woven, processed to achieve shine and is highly resistant.

Cotton fibers are considered to be the healthiest fibers and are, thus, preferred by many consumers. Due to their vegetal origin, it is difficult to dye them, while they are sensitive to sweat in combination with friction.


2. Wool

Woolen fibers come from the soft, curly sheep's fur which is woven to become a yarn.   The wool family includes different varieties:

 A) Lamb wool: The first yield of wool coming from sheep, aged up to seven months.  It is shiny and has a soft feel.

 B) Merino:  Spanish soft wooly threads of excellent quality.

 C) Cashmere: The most luxurious, soft and expensive fiber which is produced exclusively from Kashmir goat wool.

The woolen fibers are warm and flexible, with excellent insulating attributes and, when dyed, show high resistance to humid friction.


3. Natural Silk

This luxurious natural fiber is produced by silkworms. It is a shiny material famous for its supreme softness.


4. Nylon or Polyamide

Synthetic fiber produced from carbon, water and air. Nylon may be dyed in a large variety of colors. It is easy to wash and dries fast. It is an exceptionally hard-wearing material and resistant to friction. Apart from being used in socks (woven from 100% Nylon), it is also used as reinforcement in the inner part of both the heel and the toe, thus, ensuring greater durability in the use of the socks.


5. Rayon

A soft, shiny and highly absorbent synthetic fiber produced from cellulose.


6. Acrylic

A synthetic fiber, woven as a thread. It is soft and highly elastic and is used mainly in women's socks. It is easily dyed in a variety of colors.


7. Polyester

A synthetic fiber produced from polymers. Polyester offers excellent durability and maintains its form. It can be dyed and dries fast.


8. Lycra

A flexible thread, highly resistant to the washing process and sunlight. It is usually incorporated into the upper part of the sock.